Dating persian rugs
Interestingly, there actually are two very famous rugs that have been identified as the oldest rugs in the world — the Pazyryk rug and the Ardabil rug. Both of these rugs are very impressive, with high knot counts and very intricate patterns and each of them has their own interesting history and equally interesting features. In this article we take a look at both of these rugs. Dating from the 4th century B. The rug was discovered during an archaeological excavation in in the Pazyryk Valley in the Altai Mountains of Siberia.
How To Determine The Age Of A Rug
Take a look at our Authentication Process if you have arrived at this page without prior knowledge of our Rug Rag Verifications. Should you wish to have free information regarding a rug online, either request the seller be in contact with us, or take the link to our Rug Rag Forum. The goal of Rug Rag Verifications and Forum help is to attribute a rug further than a simple confirmation of the item in fact being hand knotted.
In doing so, the following 4 Photographs are absolutely integral to determining information about any given rug which is submitted to the forum or to our expert staff here at Rug Rag. What is needed: Either the Light OR Dark side. The red dots indicate the orientation of the rug on the loom. The two dots on either side of the the rug indicate the top of the carpet. The "top" of a rug is the last part of the carpet woven by the weaver. In the photo below on the left, the top of the rug is at the top of the image as indicated with the red dots.
The image below and right was taken from the other side of the rug, and the top of the rug is at the bottom of the image as indicated by the red dots. In photographs submitted, it is helpful if the inquirer includes what direction the photograph was taken. Design symmetry is important when evaluating an Oriental Rug or Carpet. Additionally, there are times where we're prompted for a "ballpark" estimate on the value of a rug.
Number 2. A detail photograph of the edge of the rug known as the selvages from the reverse side of the carpet. These are the wrapped edges which run perpendicular to the fringed ends. Why it is needed: Photographs of the selvages help a great deal in quickly determining whether or not a rug is hand knotted or not. Additionally, there are instances where experts may string together multiple indicators and characteristics of oriental rugs to help in determining age, origin, genre, and sometimes construction.
Number 3. A high resolution detailed photograph of the fringe going into the carpet. Although it is preferable this photograph would be taken from the reverse side of one end, it would be fine to take it of the front. Another great indicator of what the rug is and whether or not it is hand knotted. For a professional to see this photograph may help in attribution of origin, at times age, genre, etc.
Number 4. There is a great deal of information Oriental Rug Experts can derive from this image. Relevant characteristics which may be determined: All these can aid in further identification , and with the seasoned eye of a professional, recognition of a weave may be signifcantly easier with a highly detailed photograph as the one seen above. Here are some samples of what kind of images will be requested. While you may submit your photographs of worn areas or areas which are in need of repair, there may be additional areas those on the forum or on our Expert Staff wish to see.
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Contact us to advertise here! Number 1 What is needed: Number 3 What is needed: Number 4 What is needed: When a Ballpark Estimate is Requested: Seller Guidelines.
A complete breakdown of Oriental rug ages and how to tell how old an Oriental Rug is by its colors, types and weaving style. Nov 3, How to translate a date woven into an Oriental rug. In the past as is the case today, Oriental rugs were often woven by people who were.
If you own an Oriental rug , knowing the age of your prized possession can be of special interest for several different reasons. For one thing, it helps you determine the approximate value of the rug. Although there are exceptions to the rule, in general rugs that are older have a higher value. Secondly, it makes for an interesting topic of conversation with your guests or other fellow rug owners. Talking about an older rug can bring to mind pictures of nomadic weavers working hard at weaving their beautiful creations on rustic, homemade looms under harsh conditions whereas the weavers of newer rugs work under more favorable conditions.
A worker stands in front of a handmade carpet at a workshop. Persian carpet weaving is a historical part of Iranian culture, dating back approximately 2, years.
A Persian carpet Persian: Carpet weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and Iranian art.
THE HISTORY OF ORIENTAL RUGS
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How To Tell The Age Of Oriental Rugs
One of the more intriguing and complex product categories in the insurance property claims world are Oriental rugs. These beautiful items have been with humans for an extraordinarily long time. Remarkably, it was woven using the same basic techniques passed down through the generations to the present day. And although they are much more commonplace now, many are still items of high value and often show up in insurance claims. America has its own tradition of hand-woven rugs made by Native Americans in the Southwest. When appraising an Oriental rug, it is important to first determine the type of construction. Many people would be hard pressed to tell what type of construction their rug uses, much less details about where and when it may have been made. Regardless, these differences can make an enormous difference in appraised value. Hand-woven rugs are made by a weaver or weavers sitting at a loom and hand-tying individual knots along the weft threads which run left to right onto vertical strings called the warp running top to bottom. They are also the most durable.
Perfect for large homes and cozy apartments alike, rugs serve as both fundamental pieces and focal points of any space.
Consequently, Persian carpets are usually considered as ones originating from these regions. Age is a determinant of value, and sellers use techniques to simulate it, so what may appear to be an antique may, on closer inspection, turn out to be far from it. If you suspect your carpet to be older than 50 years -- which is the usual definition of an antique -- examining a variety of characteristics can confirm this.
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The pile may be low or worn away exposing foundation, but relatively new modern contemporary rugs can get worn quickly, and very old rugs can sometimes survive in good condition if they have been in the possession of thoughtful owners. The back of the rug offers a better opportunity to determine age. Newer rugs will feel fuzzy on the back since their yarns still possess their fibrous surface. As a rug ages, even if walked on carefully, the underside will become polished or abraded through pressure and friction, diminishing the fuzzy or hairy texture. Very old rugs will feel gritty, sandy, or even smooth on the back. A rug that looks tightly woven, but that still feels somewhat floppy or supple, is old, since even tightly woven rugs become supple with time. Color or dye quality also helps. If a rug has pale color, fold it to spread the pile open. This will reveal if the color is the same all the way down into the pile. If it gets darker inside the pile, the dye has faded on exposure to light and is probably synthetic. Such carpet dyes became more common from the late nineteenth century on. In the case of Nomadic and many village rugs , a cotton rug foundation will also indicate a relatively late date since after about , the new availability of inexpensive machine-spun cotton largely eliminated the use of wool warps and wefts.
Don’t Sweep it Under: Best Practices for Valuing Oriental Rugs
Take a look at our Authentication Process if you have arrived at this page without prior knowledge of our Rug Rag Verifications. Should you wish to have free information regarding a rug online, either request the seller be in contact with us, or take the link to our Rug Rag Forum. The goal of Rug Rag Verifications and Forum help is to attribute a rug further than a simple confirmation of the item in fact being hand knotted. In doing so, the following 4 Photographs are absolutely integral to determining information about any given rug which is submitted to the forum or to our expert staff here at Rug Rag. What is needed:
Don’t Sweep it Under: Best Practices for Valuing Oriental Rugs
Persian rugs were born from the ancient Persian empire, where handweaving was a highly respected art form. The oldest known carpet from the world is a Persian rug dating back to the 5th century BC. From the outset, Persian rugs were considered extremely luxurious owing to the craftsmanship required to make them and are referenced in Greek texts published as early as BC. Broadly speaking, there are two types of hand-knotted Persian rugs: City rugs are Persian rugs woven in organized workshops where weavers follow a paper blueprint of a design.
The Persian rugs of Iran
Persian rugs also are Oriental rugs but they are made only in Iran formerly known as Persia. An authentic Persian rug or carpet is hand knotted. Persian rug designs were once named after the city in which they were created. As their popularity increased, these patterns became produced elsewhere and kept their original names. They are some of the most popular designs that have kept their regional namesakes. Characteristics of a Persian rug include an unusually thick pile up to knots per square inch , extremely rich color combinations and unique designs. Many semi-antique rugs that have never been used are now entering the marketplace due to lifting the embargo against Iran in
It's not easy to determine the age of a rug. The best way to learn how is to get out there and experience as many rugs as possible to learn to spot the differences. Listen or read more to find out how experts age a rug. John Maher: Hi, Sam. Today we're talking about how to determine the age of a rug, antique and semi-antique rugs. Sam, what determines if a rug is an antique rug?
The Oldest Persian Rugs Ever Found
Hamadans made in several hundred different villages in N. Iran are tied with a symmetrical Turkish knot, have cotton warps and wefts, one row of wefts between each row of knots, and often are finished on one end with a simple fringe and the other with a webbing and no fringe. Tabriz is the only Persian city-carpet woven with the symmetrical knot except for a rare Turkbaff Mashed. The use of the Turkish knot in Hamadan and Tabriz is explained by the fact that Tabriz was once the capital of the Ottoman Turkish Empire and its predominate population is of Turkic people. Their Turkmen prototypes are woven on wool foundations except for some very new pieces. Quite often Afshars are in squarish sizes.Sale-cum-exhibition of Persian rugs opens in Moscow